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Whenever we think about programming languages for web development, the only name that comes out of every mouths- Python! Developed by Guido Van Rossum back in 1991. It was a dynamically formatted and object-oriented programming language that helped programmers code efficiently and in a clear, logical way. Python is widely used and has various and resourceful libraries for almost every development work and solution. This article will discuss the best python frameworks for web applications.
So first, know What is a Framework
A Framework is a complete package of modules, widgets, and tools that might be required in python development. They can reduce development time with pre-written codes, programs, and functions; Developers never need to maintain protocols, sockets, and others, just focus on project logic.
There are so many frameworks available for python developments; no one even gives a perfect number. Still, they all are different and have their place in python development. First, you have to decide your project requirements and goals; then, you can choose the best python web development framework according to them. You might need to keep some things in mind before choosing open-source, secure, proper documentation and mate your requirement. Besides these; We will get you covered.
Top 10 Python frameworks for Web applications
Here you will find the Top 10 Python Frameworks for Web Applications that can match your needs.
Django is a full-stack python development framework and one of the most used and popular frameworks and follows the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle. It was designed to help developers build python applications from concept to launch quickly with their design. In addition, Django designers made sure that user developers could avoid security mistakes with their framework. As a result, it can build the most scalable yet flexible python applications.
Django covers most of the python developers, which makes it the most supported python framework. It has a huge variety of built-in libraries and allows you to migrate from one to another database.
Key advantages of using Django for web development-
- More Secure than others
- Allows URL routing
- Authentication Support
- Third-Party database migration
- Prebuilt libraries for full-stack development.
- Follows MVC-MVT architecture.
Flask comes in second place right after Django when we talk about popular python frameworks and a lightweight WSGI micro-framework for full-stack web development in python. It allows developers to start quickly with efficient and highly scalable development when it comes to web applications. Flask offers integrated unit testing features with secure cookies supported. It is a simple full-stack web development framework built with simplicity and productivity with Google App Engine support. One of the most amazing things about Flask is that it doesn’t require a particular library or tool extensions; You can use any Python libraries and tools.
Top features of Flask framework
- Compatibility with Google App Engine
- jinja2 template and Werkzeug WSGI toolkit
- Inbuilt debugger
- Unit testing
- Support Cookies for Client-Side work
- Unicode based
- HTTP request handling
- Option of Plugging in any ORM
Pyramid is another full-stack development framework that can build any complex web application efficiently and best known as a blend of micro-framework and full-stack python development framework. You can start your projects with small modules, even with one, and then you can add stuff as you like. These qualities made Pyramid a perfect and potential python framework for easy to complex python work. It’s a WSGI framework based on Model View Controller architecture. Pyramid provided rich documentation on their site.
- URL Generation
- Easy to Complex Development
- Specification of asset location in a package
- Use of predicates and renderers
- Allows Ajax requests
- Support of SQLAlchemy
Bottle is used chiefly for small web development and API building; and is one of the most used python web development frameworks because it doesn’t need third-party tools and libraries. Instead, it uses Standard Python Library to make web applications that allow developers to simply work with hardware. Creates a single source file for all or work. Bottle initially supported Python 2.5-2.7 and 3.0 but with a recent update they dropped support for python 2.5 and 2.6 . You can use bottle for cross-platform development with its various platform availability.
Key features of Bottle Frameworks
- Allows access to form data, cookies, file upload, and other HTTP-related metadata.
- Allows Request-dispatching route
- Built-in HTTP server
- Plug-ins for various databases
- Allows Third-party template engines and WSGI/HTTP servers
Check our other articles on Top 10 Python Frameworks for Game Development.
CherryPy is another potential open-source python web application development framework and one of the most used python frameworks because of its minimal user experience and interfaces; developers can build applications easily with less time.
CherryPy is also considered as one of the flexible frameworks because it allows the developers to use any tech for templates and data accesses while providing access to handle sessions, statics, cookies, and file uploads. CherryPy can be used as a web server itself or you can use any WSGI compatible.
- Powerful Configuration System
- Inbuilt Profiling, Coverage, and Testing Support
- Inbuilt Tools for Caching, Encoding, Sessions, Authentication, Static Content
- HTTP/1.1-compliant, WSGI thread-pooled webserver
- Flexible Plug-in System
Initially, TurboGears was a Full-Stack Python Development Framework, But now it also works as a micro-framework for python development. It allows work with two aspects at the same time: templating and routing. It is designed as Model View Architect and supports Python 2.x and Python 3.x branches. TurboGears uses Pylon as a web server, PasteScript templates, command-line tools, and other heavy features. Most developers use it because of its flexibility and reusable snippets.
Here’s some Key features of Torbogears
- Multi-database support
- MVC-style architecture
- Allows SQLObject and SQLAlchemy
- ToscaWidgets; for front-end and templates
- PasteScript templates
- Front-facing WSGI-based servers
- Command-line tools
Web2py is another capable Full-Stack Python Development Framework. Open-source and scalable python framework that supports all operating systems, including mobile. Web2py is a web-based feature-rich IDE with a debugger, code-editor, and single-click deployment, but It can’t run Python 3. Instead, it has a ticket system where the framework ticket is sent to the user if something goes wrong with the framework ticket. Web2py promotes rapid development and is based on model view controller architecture.
Key features of using Web2py
- Web-Based and Platform Independent.
- Backward compatibility
- Allows Readability of Multiple Protocols
- Provides role-based access controls
- No Pre-requirements for installation or configuration.
- Support for Internalization
Sanic is another capable python development framework that uses async/await syntax to make development faster than other frameworks. As a result, it can help you develop unblockable python code that even runs more quickly. In addition, Sanic supports ASGI that makes Sonic compatible with other ASGI web servers and WSGI servers. Sanic is based on Python 3.7+ web-server; It allows you to use the async/await syntax which makes your code non-blocking and faster.
- Supports Variations of logging, including access and errors
- Class-based views
- Handlers with easy-to-apply decorators
- Plug-in support
- ASGI & WSGI web servers
- Dot-notation for modifying the configuration object.
Falcon is another micro-framework that is mostly used for building Web APIs. Developers can create minimal and straightforward designs for HTTP and REST architectures. LinkedIn, OpenStack, and RackSpace mostly use Falcon.
- 100% Code Coverage
- Upfront Exception Handling
- Extensible and Optimized Codebase
- Convenient Access for Headers and Bodies
- WSGI Support
- Cython support with speed
FastAPI is capable of building the fastest APIs with Python 3.6+. It allows you to freely structure your projects as you want with any preferred database. It’s a minimal yet powerful Python web development framework. FastAPI took some functionalities from Flask, including its simplicity. It is built on Starlette architecture and includes most of its features.
- Detailed and easy-to-use
- Create Plug-ins Easily
- Free data validation & code conversions
- Faster debugging
- 200% – 300% faster development
There were the Top 10 Python Frameworks for Web Applications for 2023. So now you have all the information about the top ten; you just have to finalize your goals and requirements from your project and then choose from these ten frameworks according to them to create innovative and efficient web applications.